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Learn All About Beef Farming


Springtime is a very busy period on Irish farms. Over 80% of the national herd are calving! Farmers must ensure calves drink their mother's milk. This makes them strong and healthy and helps build up their immune systems. All calves born must be tagged under legislation, with an individual, unique tag number. This tag must be registered with the Department of Agriculture.


Cows and calves graze grass throughout the summer months. In fact, they usually do not need any other food source. Grass is the main feed in Irish agriculture. Because of our weather and quality soil, we have very good conditions for growing grass. Summer is a busy time on the farm! The farmer must make silage and hay which will be used as feed for livestock during the winter months. Silage is fermented grass which cows like to eat. Many older cattle will graze grass throughout the summer months to ensure they are fit for sale in the autumn.


Calves are now between seven and ten months old and are being weaned. This means they are big enough to fend for themselves without their mother. They are now called weanlings. The harvest is in full swing. This is a very important time for the farmer. Beef animals are now usually finished with their supplements which consist of cereal based mixes. As the winter is coming, cattle must be treated to prevent sickness and irritations.


When the cold, wet winter months arrive, cattle are housed in warm sheds. While in houses the farmer feeds them hay, silage and/or a cereal based meal mix every day. There are feed barriers to keep their feed clean. Suckler cattle like to sleep on straw beds. The farmer makes sure these are regularly cleaned and bedded.